1. Acan EA, Basci O, Havitcioglu H. Aneurysmal bone cyst healing response with intramedullary lengthening nail. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018;52:232-5.
  2. Alrabai HM, Gesheff MG, Conway, JD. Use of internal lengthening nails in post-traumatic sequelae. Int Orthop 2017;41(9):1915-23.
  3. Barinaga G, Beason A, Gardner M. Novel segmental approach to segmental bone transport using a magnetic intramedullary lengthening system. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018;26:e477-e482.
  4. Bernstein M. Practical aspects of posttrauma reconstruction with an intramedullary lengthening nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S20-S24.
  5. Birkholtz FF, de Lange P, Evaluation of the first experience of intramedullary nail lengthening using Precice in a South African limb lengthening and reconstruction unit. SA Orthop J 2016;15(1):67-71.
  6. Calder P, McKay J, Timms A, et al. Femoral lengthening using the Precice intramedullary limb-lengthening system. Bone Joint J 2019;101B(9):1168-76.
  7. Cosic F, Edwards E. PRECICE intramedullary nail in the treatment of adult leg length discrepancy. Injury 2020;51:1091-6.
  8. Couto A, Freitas J, Alegrete N, et al. Two consecutive limb lengthenings with the same PRECICE nail: a technical note. Strat Trauma Limb Recon 2018;13:199-204.
  9. Dahl MT, Georgiadis AG, Morrison SG. Motorized internal limb lengthening: an updated review. J POSNA 2020;2(1):1-14.
  10. Dahl M, Morrison S, Laine J, et al. Extramedullary Motorized Lengthening of the Femur. J Pediatr Orthop 2020:40(10):e978-e983.
  11. Dvorzhinskiy D, Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. The economics of new technology. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):233-36.
  12. Edwards E. Precice intramedullary nail in the treatment of adult leg length discrepancy. Injury 2020;51(4):1091-6.
  13. Eltayeby HH, Alrabai HM, Jauregui JJ, et al. Post-retrieval functionality testing of PRECICE lengthening nails: The “Sleeper” nail concept. J Clin Orthop Trauma 2020;published ahead of print.
  14. Falls TD, Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Motorized internal lengthening nail, anterograde femur technique can correct leg length. Orthopedics Today 2017 October.
  15. Fragomen AT. Compression of nonunions with the Precice magnetic intramedullary compression nail. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):214-18.
  16. Fragomen A. Transitioning to an intramedullary lengthening and compression nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S7-S13.
  17. Fragomen AT. Motorized intramedullary lengthening nails: outcomes and complications. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):225-32.
  18. Fragomen AT, Kurtz AM, Barclay JR, et al. A Comparison of femoral lengthening methods favors the magnetic internal lengthening nail when compared with lengthening over a nail. HHS J 2018;14:166-76.
  19. Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Lengthening and deformity correction about the knee using a magnetic internal lengthening nail. SICOT J 2017;3(25):1-10.)
  20. Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Retrograde magnetic internal lengthening nail for acute femoral deformity and limb lengthening. Expert Rev Med Devices 14(10):811-20.
  21. Furmetz J, Kold S, Schuster N, et al. Lengthening of the humerus with intramedullary lengthening nails-preliminary report. Strat Traum Limb Reconstr 2017;12(2):99-106.
  22. Gomez C, Nelson S, Speirs J, et al. Magnetic intramedullary lengthening nails and MRI compatibility. J Pediatr Orthop 2018;38(10):e584-e487.
  23. Goodier D, Calder P. The antegrade femur technique. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):164-70.
  24. Green, SA. Preface. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):155-56.
  25. Green SA. The evolution of remote-controlled intramedullary lengthening and compression nails. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S2-S6.
  26. Green SA, Fragomen AT, Herzenberg JE, et al. A magnetically controlled lengthening nail: a prospective study of 31 individuals (the Precice intramedullary nail study). J Limb Lengthen Reconstr 2018;4(2):67-75.
  27. Hamdy RC, Bernstein M, Fragomen AT, et al. What’s new in limb lengthening and deformity correction. Bone Joint Surg Am 2017;99(16):1408-14.
  28. Hammouda AI, Szymczuk VL, Gesheff MG, et al. Acute deformity correction and lengthening using the Precice magnetic intramedullary lengthening nail. J Limb Lengthen Reconstr 2020;6(1):20-7.
  29. Hammouda AI, Jauregui J, Gesheff M, et al. Trochanteric entry for femoral lengthening nails in children: is it safe? J Pediatr Orthop 2017;37(4):258–64
  30. Hammouda AI, Jauregui JJ, Gesheff MG, et al. Treatment of post-traumatic femoral discrepancy with PRECICE magnetic-powered intramedullary lengthening ails. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31:369-74.
  31. Hammouda AI, Standard SC, Rozbruch SR, et al. Humeral lengthening with the Precice magnetic lengthening nail. HSS J 2017;13(3):217-23.
  32. Harkin E, Rozbruch R, Liskutin T, et al. Total hip arthroplasty and femoral nail lengthening for hip dysplasia and limb-length discrepancy. Arthoplast Today 2018:4(3):279-86.
  33. Hassan SG, Rozbruch SR. Antegrade humeral lengthening with the motorized internal lengthening nail. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):183-88.
  34. Havitcioglu H, Gursan O, Isin Y. Cosmetic bilateral leg lengthening using intramedullary nail experience of 9 cases. J Orthop 2020;20:232-5.
  35. Hoel RJ, Novotny SA, Dahl MT. Humeral lengthening using a retrograde motorized intramedullary lengthening nail. Case report. J Limb Length Recon 2018;4(1):55-8.
  36. Hoellwarth JS, Tetsworth K, Al-Jawazneh SS, et al. Motorized internal lengthening of long bones: Residual limb lengthening. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):209-13.
  37. Horn J, Hvid I, Huhnstock S, et al. Limb lengthening and deformity correction with externally controlled motorized intramedullary nails: evaluation of 50 consecutive lengthenings. Acta Orthopaedica 2018;90(1):81-7.
  38. Iliadis A, Palloni V, Wright J, et al. Lower limb lengthening using the Precice nail: our experience with 50 cases. J Pediatr Orthop 2021;41:e44–e49
  39. Iobst CA. Intramedullary limb-lengthening lessons learned. JBJS Reviews 2019;7(12):1-10.
  40. Iobst CA. Advances in limb lengthening. Part 1. JBJS Rev 2015;3(8):01874474-201508000-00004.
  41. Iobst CA. Advances in limb lengthening. Part 2. JBJS Rev 2015;3(9):01874474-201509000-00003.
  42. Iobst CA. Long bone lengthening in children. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):189-94.
  43. Iobst C, Rozbruch R, Nelson S, et al. Simultaneous acute femoral deformity correction and gradual limb lengthening using a retrograde femoral nail: technique and clinical results. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018;26(7):241-50.
  44. Karakoyun O, Kucukkaya M, Erol MF. Does lengthening after acute correction negatively affect bone healing during distraction osteogenesis? Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2015;49(4):405-9.
  45. Karakoyun O, Sokucu S, Erol MF, et. al. Use of a magnetic bone nail for lengthening of the femur and tibia. J Orthop Surg 2016;24(3):374-8.
  46. Keshet D, Addar A, Bernstein M. Principles of motorized internal lengthening of long bones. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):158-63.
  47. Kirane Y, Fragomen A, Rozbruch SR. Precision of the Precice internal bone lengthening nail. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2014;472(12):3869-78.
  48. Kurtz A, Rozbruch SR. Humerus lengthening with the Precice internal lengthening nail. J Pediatr Orthop 2017;37(4):e296-e300.
  49. Landge V, Shabtai L, Gesheff M. Patient satisfaction after limb lengthening with internal and external devices. J Surg Orthop Adv 2015;24(3):174–79.
  50. Laubscher M, Mitchell C, Timms A, et al. Outcomes following femoral lengthening: an initial comparison of the Precice intramedullary lengthening nail and the LRS external fixator monorail system. Bone Joint J 2016;98B(10):1382-8.
  51. Lee DH, Kim S, Lee JW, et al. A comparison of the device-related complications of intramedullary lengthening nails using a new classification system. BioMed Res 2017;2017(8032510):1-9.
  52. Makarewich C, McClure P, Herzenberg J. Latest advances in limb lengthening using magnetically controlled intramedullary lengthening nails. Surg Tech Int 2020;34:404-11.
  53. Marwan Y, Cohen D, Alotalbi M., et al. Cosmetic stature lengthening. Bone Joint Res 2020;9(7):341-50.
  54. Morrison SG, Georgiadis AG, Dahl MT. What’s new in limb lengthening and deformity correction. JBJS Case Connector 2020;102(16):1391-6.
  55. Morrison SG, Georgiadis AG, Dahl MT. Lengthening of the humerus using a motorized lengthening nail: A retrospective comparative series. J Pediatr Orthop 2019;40(6):e479-e486.
  56. Morrison TA, Sontich JK. Premature consolidation with resultant implant failure using Precice femoral lengthening. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg 2016;6(1):1-4.
  57. Muratori F, Beltrami G, Scoccianti G, et al. Is an intramedullary nail a valid treatment for limb-length discrepancy after bone tumor resection? case descriptions. Surg Technol Int 2018;33(1):1-8.
  58. Nasto LA, Coppa V, Riganti S, et al. Clinical results and complication rates of lower limb lengthening in paediatric patients using the PRECICE 2 intramedullary magnetic nail: a multicentre study. J Pediatr Orthop 2020;29(6):611-7.
  59. Olesen UK, Herzenberg JE. Bone transport with internal devices. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):219-24.
  60. Olesen UK, Nygaard T, Prince DE, et al. Plate-assisted bone segment transport with motorized lengthening nails and locking plates: A technique to treat femoral and tibial bone defects. JAAOS Glob Res Rev 2019;3:e064.
  61. Olesen UK, Nygaard T, Prince DE, et al. Plate-assisted bone segment transport with motorized lengthening nails and locking plates: a technique to treat femoral and tibial bone defects. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019;3(00):1-14.
  62. Paley D. Precice intramedullary limb lengthening system. Expert Rev 2015; 231-49.
  63. Paley D, Debiparshad K, Balci H, et al. Stature lengthening using the PRECICE intramedullary lengthening nail. Tech Orthop 2015;30:167–82.
  64. Paley D, Harris M, Debiparshad K, et al. Limb lengthening by implantable limb lengthening devices. Tech Orthop 2014;29(2):72–85.
  65. Panagiotopoulou VC, Davda K, Hothi HS, et al. A retrieval analysis of the Precice intramedullary limb lengthening system. Bone Joint Res 2018;7(7):476–84.
  66. Panagiotopoulou VC, Rozbruch SR. Adult posttraumatic reconstruction using a magnetic internal lengthening nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S14-S19.
  67. Richardson SS, Schairer WW, Fragomen AT, et al. Cost comparison of femoral distraction osteogenesis with external lengthening over a nail versus internal magnetic lengthening nail. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019;27(9):430-36.
  68. Robbins C, Paley D. Stryde weight-bearing internal lengthening nail. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):201-8.
  69. Rozbruch SR. Tibial lengthening technique. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):176-82.
  70. Rozbruch SR. Adult posttraumatic reconstruction using a magnetic internal lengthening nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31:S14–S19.
  71. Rozbruch SR, Fragomen AT. Motorized internal limb lengthening: international perspectives. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):157.
  72. Rozbruch SR, Birch JG, Dahl MT, et al. Motorized intramedullary nail for management of limb-length discrepancy and deformity. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2014;22(7):403-09.
  73. Rozbruch SR, Fragomen AT. Lengthening of the femur with a remote-controlled magnetic intramedullary nail antegrade technique. JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2016;6(1):e2-e11.
  74. Shiedel F. Extracorporal noninvasive acute retraction of STRYDE for continued lengthening in cases with limited nail stroke: a technical less invasive solution to reload the STRYDE. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2020 May 26. doi: 10.1007/s00402-020-03484-6. Online ahead of print.
  75. Schiedel FM, Vogt B, Tretow HL, et al. How precise is the Precice compared to the ISKD in intra-medullary limb lengthening? Acta Orthopaedica 2014;85(3):293–98.
  76. Scolaro JA. Monofocal compression-distraction osteosynthesisin a distal femoral nonunion using a magnetic medullary nail. JBJS Case Connector 2020;10(3):1-6.
  77. Shabtai L, Specht S, Standard S, et al. Internal lengthening device for congenital femoral deficiency and fibular hemimelia. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2014;472(12):3860-8.
  78. Shannon C, Paley D. Extramedullary internal limb lengthening. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):195-200.
  79. Szymczuk VL, Hammouda AI, Gesheff MG, et al. Lengthening with monolateral external fixation versus magnetically motorized intramedullary nail in congenital femoral deficiency. J Pediatr Orthop 2017;00(00):1-8
  80. Thaller PH, Wolf F. Retrograde femur technique for motorized internal limb lengthening. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):171-75.
  81. Tiefenboeck TM, Zak L, Bukaty A, et al. Pitfalls in automatic limb lengthening — First results with an intramedullary lengthening device. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2016;102(7):851-5.
  82. Tiefenboeck TM, Zak L, Wozasek GE. Intramedullary magnetically actuated limb lengthening in a patient with congenital humeral limb shortening. Injury 2016;47(7):1597-600.
  83. Vercio RC, Shields TG, Zuckerman LM. Use of magnetic growing intramedullary nails in compression during intercalary allograft reconstruction. Orthopedics 2018;41(6):330-5.
  84. Vogt B, Roedl R, Gosheger G, et al. Tibial lengthening using a retrograde magnetically driven intramedullary lengthening device in 10 patients with preexisting ankle and hindfoot fusion. Acta Orthop 2020;911-9.
  85. Vulcano E, Markowitz JS, Shabaz A, et al. Assessment of bone healing during antegrade intramedullary rod femur lengthening using radiographic pixel density. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018;26(18):388-94.
  86. Wagner P, Burghardt RD, Green SA, et al. Precice magnetically-driven, telescopic, intramedullary lengthening nail: pre-clinical testing and first 30 patients. SICOT J 2017;3(19):1-7.
  87. Watson JT, Sanders RW. Controlled compression nailing for at risk humeral shaft fractures. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S25-S28.
  88. Wiebking U, Liodakis E, Kenawey M, et al. Limb lengthening using the PRECICE Nail System: Complications and results. Arch Trauma Res 2016;5(4):e36273.
  89. Wright J, Bates P, Heidari N, et al. All internal bone transport: use of a lengthening nail and double plating for management of femoral bone loss. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 2019;14(2):94–101.
  90. Wu W, Kuhn KM. Mechanical failure of a femoral lengthening nail: a case report. Patient Safety Surg 2018;12:7.
  91. Zak L, Tiefenboeck TM, Wozasek GE. Innovative technique in extended intramedullary humeral lengthening: a case report. JBJS Case Connect 2019;9(3):e0174.
  1. Acan EA, Basci O, Havitcioglu H. Aneurysmal bone cyst healing response with intramedullary lengthening nail. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018;52:232-5.
  2. Alrabai HM, Gesheff MG, Conway, JD. Use of internal lengthening nails in post-traumatic sequelae. Int Orthop 2017;41(9):1915-23.
  3. Barinaga G, Beason A, Gardner M. Novel segmental approach to segmental bone transport using a magnetic intramedullary lengthening system. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018;26:e477-e482.
  4. Bernstein M. Practical aspects of posttrauma reconstruction with an intramedullary lengthening nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S20-S24.
  5. Birkholtz FF, de Lange P, Evaluation of the first experience of intramedullary nail lengthening using Precice in a South African limb lengthening and reconstruction unit. SA Orthop J 2016;15(1):67-71.
  6. Calder P, McKay J, Timms A, et al. Femoral lengthening using the Precice intramedullary limb-lengthening system. Bone Joint J 2019;101B(9):1168-76.
  7. Cosic F, Edwards E. PRECICE intramedullary nail in the treatment of adult leg length discrepancy. Injury 2020;51:1091-6.
  8. Couto A, Freitas J, Alegrete N, et al. Two consecutive limb lengthenings with the same PRECICE nail: a technical note. Strat Trauma Limb Recon 2018;13:199-204.
  9. Dahl MT, Georgiadis AG, Morrison SG. Motorized internal limb lengthening: an updated review. J POSNA 2020;2(1):1-14.
  10. Dahl M, Morrison S, Laine J, et al. Extramedullary Motorized Lengthening of the Femur. J Pediatr Orthop 2020:40(10):e978-e983.
  11. Dvorzhinskiy D, Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. The economics of new technology. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):233-36.
  12. Edwards E. Precice intramedullary nail in the treatment of adult leg length discrepancy. Injury 2020;51(4):1091-6.
  13. Eltayeby HH, Alrabai HM, Jauregui JJ, et al. Post-retrieval functionality testing of PRECICE lengthening nails: The “Sleeper” nail concept. J Clin Orthop Trauma 2020;published ahead of print.
  14. Falls TD, Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Motorized internal lengthening nail, anterograde femur technique can correct leg length. Orthopedics Today 2017 October.
  15. Fragomen AT. Compression of nonunions with the Precice magnetic intramedullary compression nail. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):214-18.
  16. Fragomen A. Transitioning to an intramedullary lengthening and compression nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S7-S13.
  17. Fragomen AT. Motorized intramedullary lengthening nails: outcomes and complications. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):225-32.
  18. Fragomen AT, Kurtz AM, Barclay JR, et al. A Comparison of femoral lengthening methods favors the magnetic internal lengthening nail when compared with lengthening over a nail. HHS J 2018;14:166-76.
  19. Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Lengthening and deformity correction about the knee using a magnetic internal lengthening nail. SICOT J 2017;3(25):1-10.)
  20. Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Retrograde magnetic internal lengthening nail for acute femoral deformity and limb lengthening. Expert Rev Med Devices 14(10):811-20.
  21. Furmetz J, Kold S, Schuster N, et al. Lengthening of the humerus with intramedullary lengthening nails-preliminary report. Strat Traum Limb Reconstr 2017;12(2):99-106.
  22. Gomez C, Nelson S, Speirs J, et al. Magnetic intramedullary lengthening nails and MRI compatibility. J Pediatr Orthop 2018;38(10):e584-e487.
  23. Goodier D, Calder P. The antegrade femur technique. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):164-70.
  24. Green, SA. Preface. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):155-56.
  25. Green SA. The evolution of remote-controlled intramedullary lengthening and compression nails. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S2-S6.
  26. Green SA, Fragomen AT, Herzenberg JE, et al. A magnetically controlled lengthening nail: a prospective study of 31 individuals (the Precice intramedullary nail study). J Limb Lengthen Reconstr 2018;4(2):67-75.
  27. Hamdy RC, Bernstein M, Fragomen AT, et al. What’s new in limb lengthening and deformity correction. Bone Joint Surg Am 2017;99(16):1408-14.
  28. Hammouda AI, Szymczuk VL, Gesheff MG, et al. Acute deformity correction and lengthening using the Precice magnetic intramedullary lengthening nail. J Limb Lengthen Reconstr 2020;6(1):20-7.
  29. Hammouda AI, Jauregui J, Gesheff M, et al. Trochanteric entry for femoral lengthening nails in children: is it safe? J Pediatr Orthop 2017;37(4):258–64
  30. Hammouda AI, Jauregui JJ, Gesheff MG, et al. Treatment of post-traumatic femoral discrepancy with PRECICE magnetic-powered intramedullary lengthening ails. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31:369-74.
  31. Hammouda AI, Standard SC, Rozbruch SR, et al. Humeral lengthening with the Precice magnetic lengthening nail. HSS J 2017;13(3):217-23.
  32. Harkin E, Rozbruch R, Liskutin T, et al. Total hip arthroplasty and femoral nail lengthening for hip dysplasia and limb-length discrepancy. Arthoplast Today 2018:4(3):279-86.
  33. Hassan SG, Rozbruch SR. Antegrade humeral lengthening with the motorized internal lengthening nail. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):183-88.
  34. Havitcioglu H, Gursan O, Isin Y. Cosmetic bilateral leg lengthening using intramedullary nail experience of 9 cases. J Orthop 2020;20:232-5.
  35. Hoel RJ, Novotny SA, Dahl MT. Humeral lengthening using a retrograde motorized intramedullary lengthening nail. Case report. J Limb Length Recon 2018;4(1):55-8.
  36. Hoellwarth JS, Tetsworth K, Al-Jawazneh SS, et al. Motorized internal lengthening of long bones: Residual limb lengthening. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):209-13.
  37. Horn J, Hvid I, Huhnstock S, et al. Limb lengthening and deformity correction with externally controlled motorized intramedullary nails: evaluation of 50 consecutive lengthenings. Acta Orthopaedica 2018;90(1):81-7.
  38. Iliadis A, Palloni V, Wright J, et al. Lower limb lengthening using the Precice nail: our experience with 50 cases. J Pediatr Orthop 2021;41:e44–e49
  39. Iobst CA. Intramedullary limb-lengthening lessons learned. JBJS Reviews 2019;7(12):1-10.
  40. Iobst CA. Advances in limb lengthening. Part 1. JBJS Rev 2015;3(8):01874474-201508000-00004.
  41. Iobst CA. Advances in limb lengthening. Part 2. JBJS Rev 2015;3(9):01874474-201509000-00003.
  42. Iobst CA. Long bone lengthening in children. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):189-94.
  43. Iobst C, Rozbruch R, Nelson S, et al. Simultaneous acute femoral deformity correction and gradual limb lengthening using a retrograde femoral nail: technique and clinical results. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018;26(7):241-50.
  44. Karakoyun O, Kucukkaya M, Erol MF. Does lengthening after acute correction negatively affect bone healing during distraction osteogenesis? Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2015;49(4):405-9.
  45. Karakoyun O, Sokucu S, Erol MF, et. al. Use of a magnetic bone nail for lengthening of the femur and tibia. J Orthop Surg 2016;24(3):374-8.
  46. Keshet D, Addar A, Bernstein M. Principles of motorized internal lengthening of long bones. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):158-63.
  47. Kirane Y, Fragomen A, Rozbruch SR. Precision of the Precice internal bone lengthening nail. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2014;472(12):3869-78.
  48. Kurtz A, Rozbruch SR. Humerus lengthening with the Precice internal lengthening nail. J Pediatr Orthop 2017;37(4):e296-e300.
  49. Landge V, Shabtai L, Gesheff M. Patient satisfaction after limb lengthening with internal and external devices. J Surg Orthop Adv 2015;24(3):174–79.
  50. Laubscher M, Mitchell C, Timms A, et al. Outcomes following femoral lengthening: an initial comparison of the Precice intramedullary lengthening nail and the LRS external fixator monorail system. Bone Joint J 2016;98B(10):1382-8.
  51. Lee DH, Kim S, Lee JW, et al. A comparison of the device-related complications of intramedullary lengthening nails using a new classification system. BioMed Res 2017;2017(8032510):1-9.
  52. Makarewich C, McClure P, Herzenberg J. Latest advances in limb lengthening using magnetically controlled intramedullary lengthening nails. Surg Tech Int 2020;34:404-11.
  53. Marwan Y, Cohen D, Alotalbi M., et al. Cosmetic stature lengthening. Bone Joint Res 2020;9(7):341-50.
  54. Morrison SG, Georgiadis AG, Dahl MT. What’s new in limb lengthening and deformity correction. JBJS Case Connector 2020;102(16):1391-6.
  55. Morrison SG, Georgiadis AG, Dahl MT. Lengthening of the humerus using a motorized lengthening nail: A retrospective comparative series. J Pediatr Orthop 2019;40(6):e479-e486.
  56. Morrison TA, Sontich JK. Premature consolidation with resultant implant failure using Precice femoral lengthening. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg 2016;6(1):1-4.
  57. Muratori F, Beltrami G, Scoccianti G, et al. Is an intramedullary nail a valid treatment for limb-length discrepancy after bone tumor resection? case descriptions. Surg Technol Int 2018;33(1):1-8.
  58. Nasto LA, Coppa V, Riganti S, et al. Clinical results and complication rates of lower limb lengthening in paediatric patients using the PRECICE 2 intramedullary magnetic nail: a multicentre study. J Pediatr Orthop 2020;29(6):611-7.
  59. Olesen UK, Herzenberg JE. Bone transport with internal devices. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):219-24.
  60. Olesen UK, Nygaard T, Prince DE, et al. Plate-assisted bone segment transport with motorized lengthening nails and locking plates: A technique to treat femoral and tibial bone defects. JAAOS Glob Res Rev 2019;3:e064.
  61. Olesen UK, Nygaard T, Prince DE, et al. Plate-assisted bone segment transport with motorized lengthening nails and locking plates: a technique to treat femoral and tibial bone defects. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019;3(00):1-14.
  62. Paley D. Precice intramedullary limb lengthening system. Expert Rev 2015; 231-49.
  63. Paley D, Debiparshad K, Balci H, et al. Stature lengthening using the PRECICE intramedullary lengthening nail. Tech Orthop 2015;30:167–82.
  64. Paley D, Harris M, Debiparshad K, et al. Limb lengthening by implantable limb lengthening devices. Tech Orthop 2014;29(2):72–85.
  65. Panagiotopoulou VC, Davda K, Hothi HS, et al. A retrieval analysis of the Precice intramedullary limb lengthening system. Bone Joint Res 2018;7(7):476–84.
  66. Panagiotopoulou VC, Rozbruch SR. Adult posttraumatic reconstruction using a magnetic internal lengthening nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31(6):S14-S19.
  67. Richardson SS, Schairer WW, Fragomen AT, et al. Cost comparison of femoral distraction osteogenesis with external lengthening over a nail versus internal magnetic lengthening nail. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019;27(9):430-36.
  68. Robbins C, Paley D. Stryde weight-bearing internal lengthening nail. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):201-8.
  69. Rozbruch SR. Tibial lengthening technique. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):176-82.
  70. Rozbruch SR. Adult posttraumatic reconstruction using a magnetic internal lengthening nail. J Orthop Trauma 2017;31:S14–S19.
  71. Rozbruch SR, Fragomen AT. Motorized internal limb lengthening: international perspectives. Tech Orthop 2020;35(3):157.
  72. Rozbruch SR, Birch JG, Dahl MT, et al. Motorized intramedullary nail for management of limb-length discrepancy and deformity. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2014;22(7):403-09.
  73. Rozbruch SR, Fragomen AT. Lengthening of the femur with a remote-controlled magnetic intramedullary nail antegrade technique. JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2016;6(1):e2-e11.
  74. Shiedel F. Extracorporal noninvasive acute retraction of STRYDE for continued lengthening in cases with limited nail stroke: a technical less invasive solution to reload the STRYDE. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2020 May 26. doi: 10.1007/s00402-020-03484-6. Online ahead of print.
  75. Schiedel FM, Vogt B, Tretow HL, et al. How precise is the Precice compared to the ISKD in intra-medullary limb lengthening? Acta Orthopaedica 2014;85(3):293–98.
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